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Please re-read the Declaration of Independence of the Thirteen Colonies
One notable passage says: “…He [King George] has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands…. He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions….”
This is referring to King George’s restriction of continued illegal western expansion beyond the 13 colonies into Indian lands and foreign possessions which provoked reactions of violence (violence breed violence) from those protecting their lives and properties. Eventually America’s divine “manifest destiny” was propagated to spread “democracy and true civilization” to the Pacific Ocean coast and beyond (Hawaii, Philippines) by territorial expansion and subjugation of all native peoples (and slaves of course).
The father of the nation and first USA President George Washington said Indians “…were wolves and beasts who deserved nothing from the whites but ‘total ruin'”
[Stannard, David E. (1992). American holocaust: The conquest of the new world, New York: Oxford University Press p. 241]
Orders of George Washington to General John Sullivan, at Head-Quarters May 31, 1779:
“The Expedition you are appointed to command is to be directed against the hostile tribes of the Six Nations of Indians, with their associates and adherents. The immediate objects are the total destruction and devastation of their settlements, and the capture of as many prisoners of every age and sex as possible. It will be essential to ruin their crops now in the ground and prevent their planting more. I would recommend, that some post in the center of the Indian Country, should be occupied with all expedition, with a sufficient quantity of provisions whence parties should be detached to lay waste all the settlements around, with instructions to do it in the most effectual manner, that the country may not be merely overrun, but destroyed. But you will not by any means listen to any overture of peace before the total ruinment of their settlements is effected. Our future security will be in their inability to injure us and in the terror with which the severity of the chastisement they receive will inspire them.”
See: [Fitzpatrick, John C (1931–1944). “Instructions to Major General John Sullivan“. The writings of George Washington from the original manuscript sources, 1745–1799. Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library. http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/toccer-new2?id=WasFi15.xml&images=images/modeng&data=/texts/english/modeng/parsed&tag=public&part=165&division=div11 . Retrieved on 2007-11-14.]
Jefferson wrote in a letter to his Secretary of War, General Henry Dearborn (who was the primary government official responsible for managing Indian Affairs during Jefferson’s presidency): “if we are constrained to lift the hatchet against any tribe, we will never lay it down until that tribe is exterminated, or driven beyond the Mississipi…. in war, they will kill some of us; we shall destroy all of them.”
[See Moore, MariJo (Eating Fire, Tasting Blood: An Anthology of the American Indian Holocaust. Running Press. ISBN 978-1560258384. http://books.google.com/books?id=3oNPH4-ovFcC&pg=PA208&lpg=PA208&dq=Thomas+Jefferson+dearborn+hatchet&source=bl&ots=H7cwLd-MIA&sig=-Yro3VMQ2KKmoaQSeOl52Ndte1Q&hl=en&ei=EpG5SdXaLpK2sAOZpNAt&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=8&ct=result
Significantly the quote was not complete after the word, “Mississippi” and was completed from: Richard Drihon, Facing West: The Metaphysics of Indian-hating and Empire building, pg. 96]
President Andrew Jackson, founder of the modern Democratic Party and an avid proponent of the ‘final solution’ for the Indians, the executor of the notorious Indian Removal Act, and the “Trail of Tears” Cherokee ethnic cleansing episode, urged United States troops “…to root out from their ‘dens’ and kill Indian women and their ‘whelps.'”
[Stannard, David E. (1992). American holocaust: The conquest of the new world, New York: Oxford University Press. p. 240]
US President Theodore Roosevelt, famous for the rough riders and carrying a big stick, once said: “I don’t go so far as to think that the only good Indians are dead Indians but I believe nine out of ten are, and I shouldn’t like to inquire too closely into the case of the tenth.” (David E. Stannard, American Holocaust: Columbus and the Conquest of the New World, pg 245)
As a final insult after injury (genocide) these are the presidential faces carved on Mt.Rushmore in the extremely sacred mountains of the Black Hills (which was stolen from the legal owners after gold was discovered in spite of that fact that the Lakota were granted by treaty the Black Hills in perpetuity (forever).
A scene of the Sacred Black Hill below:
It this “Blowback” to the Amerindians and their genocide, overblown in our days?
I do not think so given the evidence and mentality presented below concerning modern “Injuns.”
Robert Kaplan, a neo-con ideologue promoting the Bush pretexts for the illegal invasion of Iraq which Obama valiantly was against, writes in 2004 Wall Street Journal article entitled “Indian Country,” “an overlooked truth about the war on terrorism” is that “the American military is back to the days of fighting the Indians.” He notes that Iraq, “is but a microcosm of the earth in this regard.”
His book, ‘Imperial Grunts: The American Military on the Ground’ [President Bush reportedly read it], he is unabashedly for militant American empire, and points out that “‘Welcome to Injun Country’ was the refrain I heard from troops from Colombia to the Philippines, including Afghanistan and Iraq…. The War on Terrorism was really about taming the frontier.”
We read in the official Amazon editorial review of this book:
“Welcome to Injun Country,” is the catchphrase Kaplan hears from all the U.S. soldiers, marines, airmen, and sailors we meet. In the view of American troops, they are taming an “unruly” frontier in the tradition of General George Custer and, later, to the Native Americans whom the 7th Cavalry was sent out to pacify.”
It is noteworthy that ten days before the “Battle at Wounded Knee” in which the 7th USA Cavalry massacred 300 people over two-thirds of them women and children, L. Frank Baum the editor of the Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer (and the famous author of the story “The Wizard of Oz” later made into the classic iconic film) urged the extermination of all native Americans, writing these memorable words: “The nobility of the Redskin is extinguished, and what few are left are a pack of whining curs who lick the hand that smites them. The Whites, by law of conquest, by justice of civilization, are masters of the American continent, and the best safety of the frontier settlements will be secured by the total annihilation of the few remaining Indians…. Why not annihilation? Their glory has fled, their spirit broken, their manhood effaced; better that they should die than live miserable wretches that they are.” After the slaughter of Wounded Knee he approved it saying: “we had better, in order to protect our civilization, follow it up … and wipe these untamed and untamable creatures from the face of the earth.”
[See L. Frank Baum’s Editorials on the Sioux Nation, http://www.history.ox.ac.uk/hsmt/courses_reading/undergraduate/authority_of_nature/week_7/baum.pdf
And: “Native Americans and weapons of mass destruction Part V, The Last Battle: Wounded Knee,” written 03/19/98, http://www.thewinds.org/1998/03/weapons_of_destruction1.html ,
And also see, The genocide of native Americans THE COLONISTS: From Columbus to Roosevelt, there’s only one word to describe the way white settlers in North America have treated their hosts, by Ben Kiernan, author of “The Pol Pot Regime” (Yale/ Silkworm, 1996), and Whitney Griswold Professor of History and Director of the Genocide Studies Programme at Yale University. http://search.bangkokpost.co.th/bkkpost/2001/july2001/bp20010729/290701_Perspective09.html ]
One worthy book giving the human side on this American form of institutionalized governmental terrorism officially and brutally enforced, described by Stannard as part of the greatest genocide in human history (a debatable point) is the book:
“Bury my heart at Wounded Knee” by Dee Brown,
This is very moving and factual book of living testimonials that shook me as a teenager, along the lines of
“Lies My Teacher Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong”
by James W. Loewen, a classic work which documents the misinformation routinely presented as history to American students.
As one reviewer noted:
“Columbus was almost certainly not the first European to discover or colonize North America. He tortured and mutilated the native population of Haiti and eventually exterminated it by working the inhabitants to death searching for gold. All of these facts are available in the journals of Columbus and his colleagues. Prior to the arrival of white settlers, North America was thickly settled with tens of millions of Indian tribes that formed a complex civilization consisting of advanced agricultural techniques (guess where white settlers learned it from), trade, roads, villages, and government. The white settlers wiped out most of these people at first inadvertently by spreading disease, and then deliberately through wars of extermination. History text books often present Indians as sparse, primitive, violent (it was actually white people who scalped Indians), and inevitable victims of progress.”
Possibly Former President Bill Clinton said it best while delivering his speech at University of California in 1997, he pointed to this beguiling nature of American society: “We were born with a declaration of independence which asserted that we all were created equal and a constitution that enshrined slavery. We fought a bloody civil war to abolish slavery but we remained unequal by law for another century. We advanced across the continent in the name of freedom, yet in so doing we pushed Native Americans off their land. We welcome immigrants, but each new wave has felt the sting of discrimination.”
Plymouth Rock below: read carefully.
What is the true story of “Thanksgiving Day,” and how did it become a National Day of Mourning for the Wampanoag Native Americans? maybe one should investigate why is it associated with: slavery; genocide; treachery; the use of smallpox blankets (bio terrorism); the first known head scalp bounties, (extrajudicial murders); etc etc?
And read a little itty bitty in short analysis about the modern day Afghan “injuns” …..
<> Empire’s Paranoia About the Pashtuns, By Juan Cole TomDispatch, July 27, 2009
<> Mark Twain, one of the the foremost leader of the Anti-Imperialist League against imperialistic US empire in the Philippines (seeking a door to markets of China) in his time, a bold humorist and bold humanist for his times, explained why he was an Anti-Imperialist:
“…I thought it would be a great thing to give a whole lot of freedom to the Filipinos, but I guess now that it’s better to let them give it to themselves…..”
And he said:
“Who are the oppressors? The few: the king, the capitalist and a handful of other overseers and superintendents. Who are the oppressed? The many: the nations of the earth; the valuable personages; the workers; they that make the bread that the soft-handed and idle eat.”
oh go ahead, search it out a bit ….
Jim Zwick, Mark Twain’s Weapons of Satire: Anti-Imperialist Writings on the Philippine-American War (Syracuse University Press, 1992)
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Historian Alexander Fraser Tytler
is reported to have said:
“A democracy will continue to exist up until the time that voters discover that they can vote themselves generous gifts from the public treasury. From that moment on, the majority always votes for the candidates who promise the most benefits from the public treasury, with the result that every democracy will finally collapse due to loose fiscal policy, which is always followed by a dictatorship. The average age of the world’s greatest civilizations from the beginning of history has been about 200 years. During those 200 years, these nations always progressed through the following sequence:
- From bondage to spiritual faith;
- from spiritual faith to great courage;
- from courage to liberty;
- from liberty to abundance;
- from abundance to selfishness;
- from selfishness to complacency;
- from complacency to apathy;
- from apathy to dependence; [[<—– we are here now *.]]
- from dependency back again into bondage.
PROOF: tax breaks for rich; bailouts for too big to fail corporation; food stamps and other handouts for poor; obscene profits for privileged few insiders; privileged elite of government-corporate-militarily class; massive deficient spending beyond means; national debt trap for all; and on and on and on